Frequently Asked Questions

What is VEXOR®? 
Zarc’s™ VEXOR®  brand was introduced in 2002 as a non-flammable taser safe product that is formulated with water or oil based solutions.

What is CAP-STUN®?
Zarc’s™ CAP-STUN® brand is a unique alcohol formulation and it's unmatched high performance record has been one of the most invaluable assets to law enforcement and the military since it was introduced in 1982.

What is OC?
Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) is the extracted oil of the dried ripe fruits of capsicums and contains a complex mixture of highly potent organic compounds.

What are the physiological effects of pepper spray?
Three physiological targets are affected by pepper spray.

1. Eyes: Immediate closing of eyelids.
2. Respiratory: Uncontrollable coughing.
3. Skin: Intense burning sensation.

All effects are immediate but temporary, and will usually completely dissipate within 45 minutes.

What are the First Aid Instructions?
Use cool water to flush the face and eyes. Try to separate the eyelids with your fingers. DO NOT rub your eyes. Flushing with water for ten minutes should relieve eye inflammation. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, mouth, groin and other sensitive areas until you are able to wash your hands thoroughly. Subjects wearing contact lenses should remove them before flushing their eyes. Contaminated glasses or hard lenses can later be cleaned with soap and water; however, any soft lens must be discarded.

When should Pepper Spray be used? And when shouldn't it be used?
Pepper spray is used for the purpose of:
1. Providing instantaneous control over highly aggressive, violent or emotionally disturbed subjects.
2. Subduing those under the influence of narcotics or alcohol who are not compliant.
3. Controlling single or multiple subjects who are not compliant.
4. Minimizing physical contact, reducing injury and other risks for both officers and subjects.
5. Reducing or eliminating the need to escalate to higher levels of force.

Pepper Spray should not be used when:
1. The subject submits peacefully to arrest.
2. The subject complies with lawful commands.
3. The subject is expressing mere verbal disagreement that does not threaten the officer or bystanders.

What are the different types of Pepper Spray Patterns?
There are a variety of spray patterns used in pepper sprays, such as cone, fog, foam and stream. They each have their benefits and drawbacks.

1. Cone & Fog: Spray patterns that atomize and cause a mist in the air are more susceptible to wind movement and are not stable while airborne. Because they are made of smaller airborne particles they can be inhaled and will therefore affect the respiratory system, or they may enter into indoor ventilation systems and affect innocent bystanders. Because of their large spray pattern (similar to a shotgun pattern), they do not require precision aiming. The physiological effects are usually faster due to smaller spray particles immediately depositing on mucous membranes.

2. Foam: Foam has somewhat similar characteristics as cone & fog, with the exception that it has a minimal effect on the respiratory system and may be used indoors. Foam is also messy due to its soapy nature, and will cause further contamination when it gets on clothing, furniture or patrol car seats. There is a potential of gagging and vomiting with foam, as the bubbles enter into the respiratory system during rapid inhalation.

3. Stream: Stream can be used indoors and due to its narrow pattern, does not atomize. Stream is less susceptible to wind movement than other patterns. Due to the small circumference of the stream pattern, it is difficult to aim and cover both eyes at once. Therefore, multiple shots may be required. The subject can also block the stream with his/her arm.

What is the Shelf Life of pepper spray?
Zarc™ pepper sprays have a five-year shelf life from the date of manufacture. Please replace with fresh units prior to expiration.

How should pepper spray be stored?
Store canisters at room temperature. DO NOT store near heat or open flame. DO NOT leave canister inside vehicle or trunk where the inside temperature can exceed 120F (50C). Prolonged exposure to temperatures below 32F (0 C) may result in slower discharge.